Little Known STIs

There are numerous kinds of sexually transmitted infections. Some are such that people remain aware of, more than the others. For instance, most people know about genital warts, Chlamydia, and gonorrhea. In this blog, we are going to discuss some of the infections that are lesser known by the general population.

Scabies

Scabies are the result of parasitic mites that burrow themselves in the skin to lay eggs. It is a rather common infection that can pass from a person to another, easily through the body or sexual contact. Both males and females can contract this infection and infect others. It is even possible for children to get infected with scabies through body contact, like hugging.

These mites can survive up to 72 hours without a host, so it’s entirely possible to get scabies through clothing, towels, and beddings. The treatment for scabies is simple, as it involves the use of specific lotion or cream which your doctor prescribes and instructs on how to use.

Find out more about scabies here.

Non-specific Urethritis

Urethritis is essentially inflammation of the urethra, also referred to as non-specific Urethritis (NSU) when the cause of the infection is unknown and the doctor has ruled out gonorrhea. It possible for both men and women to contract NSU, but relatively, this infection is more difficult to diagnose in women than in men.

The cause of NSU can include STIs like genital herpes, chlamydia and trichomonas vaginalis, but there can be other causes as well. In any specific case, there might be more than a single cause, and in some rare cases with men, the cause is never identified. NSU is treated using antibiotics; it can either be cured using a single dose or an extended course that can last up to two weeks.

Find out more about NSU and how to go about getting tested at The STI Clinic.

Syphilis

The bacteria Treponema pallidum is the cause of syphilis. The infection passes easily from a person to another via sexual contact. It’s not as common as other STIs and is usually associated with the history of the patient. If not treated, it has the potential to cause serious health issues in women and men.

Both 1st and 2nd stage syphilis is treated with either a single injection of antibiotics or depending on the severity, a course of antibiotic infections or tablets.

Syphilis is described in more detail at the FPA website.

Bacterial vaginosis

This infection may very well be an imposter in this list of STIs, as it’s not actually one; but it’s an infection that can develop after an individual has had sex. It is the common cause of strange vaginal discharge that can develop when the usual environment of a vagina changes. One in three women can get it at some point in their lives.

The cause of Bacterial vaginosis (BV) isn’t completely understood, but women who have this infection lack the normal amount of lactobacilli (a normal vaginal bacterium) and an overgrowth of other bacteria in the vagina environment. It affects the pH balance of the vagina and makes it lean more towards alkaline.

The treatment for BV is antibiotics, and can be cured in a single dose or depending on the severity of the infection, an extended course that can last a week.

See this website for more information on Bacterial Vaginosis.